Mosin Nagants

M1891/30 - Hex Receiver     M1891/30 - Round Receiver     M38 Carbine     M44 Carbine     M1891/30 - PU Sniper


The Mosin Nagant was the standard infantry rifle of Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union.  The design was intiated after the Russian rifles were found wanting in the Russo-Turkish War.  At the time of its fielding, in 1891 it was a modern bolt action design.  The desing was the result of collabaration between a Russian, Sergei Mosin, and a Belgian, Emile Nagant.

The gun was primarily produced by the Izhvesk and Tula arsenals in Russia.  However, during WWI significant numbers were produced in the US by Westinghouse and Remington.  It was also produced in Finland, and the Finns also remanufactured huge numbers of captured Russian rifles.  Finally, after WWII, variants were produced in most Warsaw Pact nations and China.

In all, some 10 to 20 million were made and it served it saw action from the Russo-Japanese War to Vietnam.  There were several standard versions of the Russian Rifle:

M1891 - Early version with Hexagonal Receiver, Arshin (Paces) marked site, and long barrel (31.25")

M1891/30 - Standard version with shortened barrel (28.75"), and Meters marked site.

M38 - Carbine version of M1891/30 with short 20.34" barrel.

M44 - Carbine version of the M1891/30 with short 20.34" barrel and permanent folding spike bayonet.

PE Sniper - Sniper Variant of M1891/20 with turret mounted PE Scope.

PU Sniper - Sniper Variant of M1891/20 with side mounted PU Scope.

The Mosin Nagant fired the 7.62 x 54mm Rimmed cartridge, which is still used in modern Russian machine guns and  is ballistically equivalent to the other major WW! and WWII rifle calibers (British 303, U.S. 30-06, and German 8mm Mauser).  The Mosin Nagant was also accurate and its primary flaw was a hard to use safety.


Mosin Nagants

Top to Bottom:  PU Sniper, M1891/30, M38, and M44.

Specifications for standard Mosin Nagants (M1891/30s, M38s, and M44s):

Caliber - 7.62x54R (Rimmed 7.62x54mm).

Receiver - Hexagonal (till Mid 1930s) or round, milled steel receiver.

Bolt - Chromed, 2 piece, with a straight handle.

Barrel - Early Rifles - 32.25", M1891/30 - 28.75", Carbines - 20.34".

Stocks - Wood (Sometimes Laminated).

Magazines - 5 rd integral box.

Bayonet - Fixed folding or detachable 16.9" spike.  Attached bayonet makes the 1891/30 almost 5' 6" long.


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