Mosin Nagant - M1891/30 Hexagonal Receiver

The M1891/30 Hexagonal Reciever was the initial variant of the M1891/30.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 with a Hexagonal Receiver

The Mosin Nagant was the standard infantry rifle of Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union.  The design was initiated after the Russian rifles were found wanting in the Russo-Turkish War.  At the time of its fielding, in 1891 it was a modern bolt action design.  The design was the result of collaboration between a Russian, Sergei Mosin, and a Belgian, Emile Nagant.  The gun was primarily produced by the Izhvesk and Tula arsenals in Russia.  However, during WWI significant numbers were produced in the US by Westinghouse and Remington.  It was also produced in Finland, and the Finns also remanufactured huge numbers of captured Russian rifles.  Finally, after WWII, variants were produced in most Warsaw Pact nations and China.

In all, over 20 million were made and it served it saw action from the Russo-Japanese War to Vietnam.  There were several standard versions of the Russian Rifle:

        - M1891:  Early version with Hexagonal Receiver, Arshin (Paces) marked site, and long barrel (31.25")

        - M1891/30:  Standard version with shortened barrel (28.75"), and a sight calibrated in meters instead of the arshins ( an archaic Russian measure equivalent to a pace) 

        - M1938:  Carbine version of M1891/30 with short 20.34" barrel.

        - M1944:  Carbine version of the M1891/30 with short 20.34" barrel and permanent folding spike bayonet.

        - M1891/30 PE Sniper:  Sniper Variant of M1891/20 with turret mounted PE Scope.

        - M1891/30 PU Sniper:  Sniper Variant of M1891/20 with side mounted PU Scope.

The Mosin Nagant fired the 7.62 x 54mm Rimmed cartridge, which is still used in modern Russian machine guns and  is ballistically equivalent to the other major WW! and WWII rifle calibers (British 303, U.S. 30-06, and German 8mm Mauser).  The Mosin Nagant was also accurate and its primary flaw was a hard to use safety.

The Mosin Nagant M1891 and M1891/30 were produced with a Hexagonal milled steel receiver until the mid 1930s, at which time the receiver was changed to a round receiver.  The hexagonal receivers command a slight premium in the collectors market.  In the 1930s the M1891/30s and all subsequent variants switched to round receivers.


Version - Russian M1891/30 Hexagonal Receiver

Caliber - 7.62x54R (Rimmed 7.62x54mm).

Receiver - Milled hexagonal with the Cyrillic Markings and a stamp for the Tula (star with arrow) or Izhevsk (triangle with arrow) arsenals.  SA stamp, if present, indicates capture by the Finns.

Bolt - Chromed with a straight handle.

Barrel - 28.75”. 

Overall Length - 48.5"

Weight - 8.8 lbs.

Stocks - Wood.

Magazines - 5 rd integral box.

Sights - Notched Ladder and Post.

Bayonet - Detachable 16.9" Spike.  Rifle was almost 5’ 6” long with the 16.9” spike bayonet.

Other Mosin Nagant Variants.  Top to Bottom:  PU Sniper, 1891/30,  M1938 & M1944

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